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|Devatec > Humidification > Steam|
Direct Steam Injection Humidifiers
The most common form of steam humidifier is the direct steam injection type. From a maintenance point of view, direct steam humidification systems require very little upkeep. The steam supply itself acts as a cleaning agent to keep system components free of mineral deposits that can clog many forms of water spray and evaporative pan systems.
Response to control and pinpoint control of output are two other advantages of the direct steam humidification method. Since steam is ready-made water vapor, it needs only to be mixed with air to satisfy the demands of the system. In addition, direct steam humidifiers can meter output by means of a modulating control valve. As the system responds to control, it can position the valve anywhere from closed to fully open. As a result, direct steam humidifiers can respond more quickly and precisely to fluctuating demand.
The high temperatures inherent in steam humidification make it virtually a sterile medium. Assuming boiler makeup water is of satisfactory quality and there is no condensation, dripping or spitting in the ducts, no bacteria or odors will be disseminated with steam humidification.
Corrosion is rarely a concern with a properly installed steam system. Scale and sediment - whether formed in the unit or entrained in the supply steam - are drained from the humidifier through the steam trap.
Resistive steam humidifier
This type of humidifier use immersed resistance heating elements to boil water. Since current does not pass through water, conductivity is not a concern.
Steam-to-steam humidifiers use a heat exchanger and the heat of treated steam to create a secondary steam for humidification from untreated water. The secondary steam is typically at atmospheric pressure, placing increased importance on equipment location.
Maintenance of steam-to-steam humidifiers is dependent on water quality. Impurities such as calcium, magnesium and iron can deposit as scale, requiring frequent cleaning. Response to control is slower than with direct steam because of the time required to boil the water.